The path of those upon whom You have Bestowed favor, not of those who have evoked [Your] Wrath nor of those who are astray.
In this 7th and last Ayah of Al Fatiha, Allah [SWT] mentions the Muslims who practice Islam, the Jews and Christians. The Muslims who practice Islam as prescribed in the Glorious Qur’an and Purified Sunnah are defined in Surat An’Nisa’ Ayat 69 & 70 given hereunder:
ومَن يُطِعِ اللَّهَ وَالرَّسُولَ فَأُولَٰئِكَ مَعَ الَّذِينَ أَنْعَمَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِم مِّنَ النَّبِيِّينَ وَالصِّدِّيقِينَ وَالشُّهَدَاءِ وَالصَّالِحِينَ ۚ وَحَسُنَ أُولَٰئِكَ رَفِيقًا (69) ذَٰلِكَ الْفَضْلُ مِنَ اللَّهِ ۚ وَكَفَىٰ بِاللَّهِ عَلِيمًا (70).
And whoever obeys Allah and the Messenger [Muhammad] - those will be amongst the ones upon whom Allah has bestowed favor from amongst the prophets, the faithful [steadfast affirmers of truth], the martyrs and the righteous. And those are the fine Companions (69). That is the Graciousness from Allah , and sufficient is Allah as All Knowledge Encompassing (70).
Those who have evoked the Wrath of Allah [SWT] are the Jews [or Israelites] who knew the full truth through Prophet Mousa [Alyhi Al Salam: AAS] but deviated from this truth with selfishness, pride and prejudice. They thus deserved the Wrath of Allah [SWT]. The astray, on the other hand, are the Christians who deviated from the Message of Prophet Isa [AAS] out of ignorance and ill-knowledge. Assyyidah Ayisha [RAA] (daughter of Abu Bakir Al Siddiq [RAA] and the last wife of the Prophet Muhammad [SAAS] is reported as saying:
“The Jews have envied you [Muslims] mostly for saying: Al Salam Alaykum & Aameen (meaning: Peace Be Upon You & O Allah Respond to Our Supplication).”